In computing the term iSCSI is an abbreviation of Internet Small Computer System Interface, it is an Internet Protocol (IP)-based storage networking standard for linking data storage facilities.
By carrying SCSI commands over IP networks, iSCSI is used to facilitate data transfers over intranets and to manage storage over long distances. iSCSI can be used to transmit data over local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), or the Internet and can enable location-independent data storage and retrieval. The protocol allows clients (called initiators) to send SCSI commands (CDBs) to SCSI storage devices (targets) on remote servers. It is a Storage Area Network(SAN) protocol, allowing organizations to consolidate storage into data center storage arrays while providing hosts (such as database and web servers) with the illusion of locally-attached disks.
Unlike traditional Fibre Channel, which requires special-purpose cabling, iSCSI can be run over long distances using existing network infrastructure.
Synology Inc provides a large range of Networked attached Storage (NAS) devices that can provide low cost solutions for home use all the way up to large scale 100TB + high speed enterprise solutions.
For more information on the capabilities of these high speed drives see: http://bit.ly/Ahf6cN